Cloud Cover

Материал из Энциклопедия Зимовок
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It relies on the fact that in sure atmospheric situations, explicit climate situations are often produced. For instance, meteorologists know that a low-pressure system over the U.S. state of Arizona in winter will bring heat, moist air from the Gulf of Mexico toward Colorado. The excessive-stress climate system of the Rocky Mountains drains the water vapor out of the air, resulting in rain.
These advanced climate maps using geographic info system expertise can calculate how weather techniques are transferring and predict how they may change. Developments within the seventeenth and 18th centuries made weather forecasting more correct.
Meteorologists know that heavy snow could outcome when that heat air mass heads towards Colorado. Businesses, corresponding to ski resorts, rely on such info. Transportation networks additionally depend on synoptic forecasting. Weather balloons and AMDAR devices gather information about temperature, pressure, humidity, and wind from very high levels in the environment.
The 17th century saw the invention of the thermometer, which measures temperature, and the barometer, which measures air stress. In the 18th century, Sir Isaac Newton was able to clarify the advanced physics of gravity, motion, and thermodynamics. These rules guided the science of meteorology into the modern age. Scientists have been able to predict the impact of excessive-strain systems and low-pressure systems, in addition to such weather events as storm surges, floods, and tornadoes.
Meteorologists enter the info to computers and use it to map atmospheric winds and jet streams. They often mix this with information about temperature, humidity, and wind recorded at ground level.
Microbursts are powerful winds that originate in thunderstorms. They are among the many most dangerous weather phenomena a pilot can encounter. If an aircraft makes an attempt to land or take off by way of a microburst, the abruptly altering wind situations may cause the craft to lose raise and crash. In the United States alone, airline crashes due to microbursts have caused greater than 600 deaths since 1964. Synoptic forecasting is getting a basic thought of the climate over a big area.